Temple of Jupiter, Syria

Halliburton includes an image in his book of the smaller temple next to the Temple of Jupiter and references it as the Temple of Bacchus. Sources from the early 1900s identify similar images as Halliburton’s as the Temple of Jupiter. According to more recent sources, the temples were often confused by individuals to have been dedicated to differing deities. If you do a search of “Temple of Jupiter” and “Temple of Bacchus,” you may get confusing results! The locals are said to have known, at one time, the Temple of Bacchus as the “Court of Happiness.”

See Baalbek’s Roman temples, and the ornate details of the stone carving (5:39)

One hundred and fifty years after the birth of Christ, the people of Syria, then a rich Roman colony, built a temple which, for might and majesty, has had few equals in history. It was in honor of Jupiter. The town where it rose was called Baalbek. Today only six of the temple’s fifty-eight columns still stand. But these six are so huge and towering that they fill with awe everyone who looks at them. As long as the Temple of Jupiter at Baalbek stood, people came from all over the Roman empire to visit it. No temple in Rome itself was as great. The marble columns were quarried, in sections, far up the Nile, floated down to the river’s mouth, and then dragged 400 miles overland. Earthquakes have shaken the wreckage of the temple time and time again. But even in its ruin, Baalbek remains of the wonders of the world. (CC BY 2.0 @2010 Eusebius@Commons)


The doorway of the Temple of Bacchus, at Baalbek, is fifty feet high, and is the most marvelously fashioned doorway in all ancient architecture. Some years ago the keystone, over the door, was shaken loose by an earthquake and fell to the ground. But archeologists have put it back in place again. (CC BY 2.0 ©2010 Varun Shiv Kapur)


Close beside the great Temple of Jupiter, we find this smaller Temple of Bacchus—smaller, but still enormous in size, and even more beautifully carved than its gigantic neighbor. (CC BY 2.0 ©2010 Arian Zwegers)


In a quarry just outside of Baalbek we come upon this colossal building stone. It is the biggest block of cut stone on earth. Apparently it was so big the masons were unable to move it. The stone measures 68 feet long and 14 feet tall and 14 feet wide. From it, masons could build three city houses, each five stories high with walls a foot thick. Steam and electric engines have the greatest difficulty in moving stones weighing 200 tons. This monster weighs six times that much. It was never taken from the quarry but others, only slightly smaller, were moved. You can see the columns of the Temple of Jupiter in the background. (CC BY 2.0 ©2012 Caroline Granycome)


Details of the Corinthian capital carving of the columns on the Temple of Bacchus. (CC BY-SA 3.0 ©2007 BlingBling10) (low resolution image)